|Defeating LTTEterrorism | How the country could face the threat of UN war crimes inquiry|
Page 2 of 2It fits perfectly with additional protocol No. 1 of 1977 on the principle of an advantage achieved in defeating terrorism, in terms of a just war in the absence of excessive collateral damage. Democratic and human rights were restored over territory held over by terrorists. This battle brought to a conclusion 30 years of terrorism. The extent of collateral damage is minimal compared to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which ended the war against Japan? There was minimising of collateral damage to the possible minimal by resorting to No Fire Zones, Precision bombing, use age of small arms, intelligence obtained from surveillance drones on civilian presence as the methods to lower human casualties. On the contrary, drones are used as attack instruments in Pakistan presently, while in Sri Lanka it hovered over the battlefield relaying pictures of civilian movement to ground commanders to save innocent lives.
Humanitarian aspects of the military undertaking have already been presented by other witness and therefore will not dwell.
There are seven principles required to establish a just war coming down from the time of Hugo Grotius, eminent jurist
(1) there is a just cause-[to end terrorism and restore democracy]
(2) there is right authority-[undertaken by a sovereign state to regain land/people captured by terrorists and held under their command depriving them of the democratic rights enjoyed by the rest of the country]
(3) right intention-[to attack the terrorists while providing humanitarian assistance to the people under the control of the terrorist and to safeguard civilians from collateral damage]
(4) resort to force being proportionate to the object- [the safeguards taken to protect civilians, the attacks directed at military targets]
(5). last resort-[after efforts at peace talks collapsed and at the stage the terrorists deprived people of facilities to water to maintain life and agriculture that the war was initiated when the terrorists were disregarding the CFA comprehensively]
(6) peace is the goal-[the results show permanent peace was restored and democracy regained]
(7) hope-of success-[success achieved comprehensively within a short time frame for the greater good. in a planned undertaking with minimal damage to human life].
What was at stake was the self - defenses of a sovereign state where the sovereignty is vested in the People by the Constitution which was under attack by a terrorist organisation which does not adhere to the principles of democracy or the norms of human rights. Should that have been a state in perpetuity or regained by an armed assault after efforts of peaceful undertakings were rejected by the terrorists? The government had no other option. The war effort was criticised by only a handful of western nations ironically engaged in wars fought without any considerations of humanitarian efforts (unlike the campaign in Sri Lanka where humanitarian consideration were a prime factor) that have been universally condemned as wrongful interventions and a few NGOs carrying out their own agenda on human rights. Most countries after the war lauded Sri Lanka for eliminating terrorism comprehensively and are learning lessons from our campaign.