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Sri Lanka/Tsunami
On 26 December 2011 it will be seven years since 36,000 to 50,000 people (the numbers of dead vary depending on the source) died in Sri Lanka in the 2004 tsunami. On Christmas Day 2004, we had heard news that our local government veterinarian, whom we knew well, was looking forward to going on a trip to Galle with a party of about 20 people. He and 16 others died. His wife and one child survived because they went back to the hotel for a newspaper. A strange phenomenon was noted in Yala National Park. Few of the animals seemed to have perished because they moved to higher ground before the wave hit. Was this because they sensed the tremors?
Tuesday, 20 December 2011 | 1446 hits | Print | PDF |  E-mail | Report | Read more
Sri Lanka/Transport
Introduction Within a matter of three years a brand new port has come up in the south of Sri Lanka, closer to the main shipping route than the port of Colombo and simultaneously an expansion to existing port facilities in Colombo is taking shape under South Port project. There is another brand new port viz. Oluwil, to commence business in the first quarter 2011. This seems a remarkable achievement for the country of which ports mainly depend on the transhipment container volume for survival. Yet, will this development ensure an uninterrupted flow of cargo to Sri Lanka? This paper is an attempt to answer this question by looking at potentials a port such as Trincomalee can offer in the future to retain the transhipment business with Sri Lanka.
Wednesday, 29 September 2010 | 2207 hits | Print | PDF |  E-mail | Report | Read more
Sri Lanka/Military
The 60th anniversary of the Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF) falls on March 02, 2011. The Sri Lanka Air Force which was initiated by the British 60 years ago has turned out to be a highly professional outfit with its servicemen and playing a pivotal and indispensable role in defeating LTTE terrorism on May 19, 2009 along with the other forces of Sri Lanka This is how the SLAF developed to its present standard. Royal Air Force and World War II The precursor of Sri Lankan Air Force were the elements of the British Royal Air Force based in Sri Lanka during the World War II. Japan entered World War II with the bombing of the Pearl Harbour on December 7, 1941. The Japanese fleet with a force of about 125 aircraft attacked strategic targets in Colombo on April 5, 1942 and the China Bay airfield in Trincomalee on April 8, 1942.
Friday, 04 March 2011 | 2623 hits | Print | PDF |  E-mail | Report | Read more
Sri Lanka/General
Sri Lanka is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the south eastern coast of India. Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ලංකාව Tamil: இலங்கை; known as Ceylon before 1972), located about 31 kilometres (19.3 mi) off the southern coast of India. Area: 65,610 sq km (25,332 sq mi). Population (2007 est.): 21,128,773. Capitals: Colombo (executive), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative and judicial). Because of its location in the path of major sea routes, Sri Lanka is a strategic maritime link between West Asia and South East Asia, and has been a center of Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times. Today, the country is a multi-religious and multi-ethnic nation, with Sinhalese (more than 70%), who are Theravada Buddhists. Sri Lankan Moors, Indian Tamils, and Sri Lankan Tamils are the largest minorities. There are also Malays, Burghers (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonists), and Eurasians (descended from British colonists). In addition to the Buddhist majority, there are Muslims, Hindus, and Christians. The official language is Sinhalese (Sinhala); Tamil is a second national language, and English is commonly used in government. The Sinhalese people are probably the result of aboriginal inhabitants (vedda) mixing with Indo-Aryans who began migrating from India the 5th century BC. The Tamils were later immigrants from Dravidian India, migrating over a period from the early centuries AD to c. 1200. Buddhism was introduced during the 3rd century BC. As Buddhism spread, the Sinhalese kingdom extended its political control over the island but lost it to invaders from southern India in the 10th century. Between 1200 and 1505, Sinhalese power gravitated to southwestern Sri Lanka, while a southern Indian dynasty seized power in the north and established the Tamil kingdom in the 14th century. Foreign invasions from India, China, and Malaya occurred in the 13th – 15th centuries. In 1505 the Portuguese arrived, and by 1619 they controlled most of the island. The Sinhalese enlisted the Dutch to help oust the Portuguese, and the island eventually came under the control of the Dutch East India Company, which relinquished it in 1796 to the British. In 1802 it became the British crown colony of Ceylon, which gained independence in 1948. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into civil war in 1983. Tens of thousands have died in the conflict that continues to fester. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006 and the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007. In January 2008, the government officially withdrew from the ceasefire, and has begun engaging the LTTE in the northern portion of the country.
Thursday, 12 June 2008 | 24650 hits | Print | PDF |  E-mail | Report